This – That – These – Those
WHAT IS IT?
This, That, These and Those are demonstrative pronouns used to describe distance between the speaker and the noun. They tell if the noun is near or far.
Here / Cerca= This (Singular) – These (Plural)
There / Lejos= That (Singular) – Those (Plural)
I´m martinThis is my new backpack (singular)
These are my friends Leonard and Emma (plural)
That is my dog Coco (singular)
Those are my friends Thomas and Lucas (plural)
Demonstrative Pronouns used by themselves
You can also use Demonstrative Pronouns by themselves:
Did you draw that?
I want these.
Which of those are you taking?
To express a negative idea just add the adverb “not” after the verb.
This is not a chicken, it’s a duck.
That is not a kiwi, it´s an avocado
These are not my crayons.
Those are not my teachers.
If you want to ask a question just place the verb at the beginning.
Is this your new car?
Is that your mom?
Are these your books?
Are those your markers?